St. Stanislaus Church, founded in 1888 was an early influence on this community and helped to support new arrivals.
Polish is still spoken around Slavic Village, and food stores, such as the Seven Roses Deli, sell sausages, pierogi, and other Polish goodies.
The Slavic Village neighborhood celebrates its heritage each May Day with a parade and each August at the Harvest Festival.
For more about Cleveland's Polish heritage, see the Cleveland Memory Project.
In the late 19th century, a different group of Italians, settled in the area south of Euclid, near Mayfield, that we know still as "Little Italy." Many of these new arrivals were stonemasons who carved monuments for nearby Lake View Cemetery.
Today's Little Italy still retains the spirit of those first generation Americans.
To read more about Cleveland's Italian immigrants, see the Cleveland Memory Project.
As work at the waterfront became more plentiful, hundreds more Irishmen and women arrived from Europe, settling on the near West Side in and around today's Flats. St. Malachi's, still an Irish parish, was the centerpiece of that neighborhood.
Cleveland still holds many reminders of those early settlers, in the many Irish surnames, the annual St. Patrick's Day celebrations, and our many Irish pubs.
For more information, read "The Irish" in the Cleveland Memory Project.
The construction of the Ohio-Erie Canal in the 1830s brought an influx of first generation Germans, many of whom settled in today's Tremont neighborhood, on Lorain St. in Brooklyn, and around Superior and Central Avenues on the east side. Early German immigrants were skilled craftsmen, brewers, jewelers, tailors, among other occupations.
Cleveland's German neighborhoods are gone, but the city's German heritage can be seen at the Honsa Market on Lorain, near the West Side Market, and at the Zion UCC (pictured at right) in Tremont.
Read more about Cleveland's German heritage.
Other enclaves of Slovenes included the St. Clair Ave. area (from E 30th to E 79th Sts.) and the Collinwood neighborhood. Later, many of Slovenian descent moved out to Euclid, Ohio.
Prominent Clevelanders who claim Slovenian descent include Senator George Voinovich, Polka star Frankie Yankovic, and Les Roberts' fictional sleuth Milan Jacovich.
A small, but active, Slovenian community still exists in Cleveland. There is a weekly newspaper, Ameriska Domovino and a daily radio show in Slovenian.
Read more about Slovenes in Cleveland.
As downtown Cleveland grew, this community moved east, first to the area around E. 55th and Euclid and in the 1930s to Cleveland's Chinatown (now Asiatown), centered around Rockwell E. 24th St.
The 1970s and 1980s brought an influx of younger Chinese immigrants, drawn to Cleveland's universities and jobs in engineering and technology.
Today, Cleveland's Asiatown is filled with Chinese-American-owned restaurants and Chinese food stores and experiencing a rebirth as a residential neighborhood.
Read more about Cleveland's Chinese heritage.
Later arrivals moved further out from the city where they could have a plot of land to grow vegetables, settling around Broadway and Fleet Aves. and near W. 41st St. and Clark Ave.
Both of these areas still have a strong, minority Czech-American population. Czech culture can still be found at churches, such as St. John Napomocene on Fleet and Karlin Hall social club, also in the Slavic Village neighborhood.
Read more about Cleveland's Czech heritage.
The active community has three radio programs and three newspapers in Ukrainian as well as a Ukrainian Museum on Kenilworth in Tremont (whose displays include the traditional eggs pictured at left).
Area churches, too, hold services in Ukrainian, including Sts. Peter and Paul in Tremont and St. Josaphat in Parma.
Read more about Cleveland's Ukrainian heritage.
The events following WWII and the 1956 Hungarian Revolution brought additional waves of immigrants.
Today, Cleveland's Hungarian culture is visible at the Hungarian garden in the Cleveland Cultural Gardens (pictured at left), at the Hungarian Heritage Museum, and at restaurants like Balaton's on Shaker Square (originally on Buckeye Road).
Read more about Cleveland's Hungarian heritage.
The African-American Community
Cleveland's black citizens arrived in two major waves, coming mostly from the American South. The first wave came around 1890 to 1915 and settled primarily along Central Avenue, between downtown and E 40th St. Later, between 1940 and 1960, the second wave of Black citizens arrived, part of the Great Migration.
Read more about Cleveland's African-American heritage.